by Adrienne Pender
  • 100 minutes
  • 2 Males, 1 Female

Colleges, Community, Diverse Cast, Drama


Adrienne Earle Pender gives us the influential and momentous “N” play, that  dramatizes the struggle between playwright Eugene O’Neill and actor Charles Sidney Gilpin over the inclusion of the “N” word in the script for O’Neill’s first box office hit, The Emperor Jones.  in 1920. The play was turned into a film “The Black Emperor of Broadway” , screened in 2020 to great acclaim.


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  • Review Script 11.00 Watermarked PDF Download
  • Hardcopy 13.97 Delivery 1- 3 Weeks
  • Class/Group Study 125 Printable PDF for Multiple Copies
  • Multi-Copy PDF 50.00 Printable PDF for Cast/Crew

Performance Fee $80.00 A Production License Fee Per Performance (mandatory for all performances)

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Play Details


O’Neill and Gilpin fight from rehearsal to Broadway run and, eventually, to the London tour. At stake for O’Neill? His artistic vision. For Gilpin? His entire career and family.

To Eugene O’Neill, a word is just a word.  For Charles Gilpin, those six letters have the power to unravel everything that he has ever worked for. 

Downloadable PDF available.  Diverse casting. Available in USA Script Format Only prior to publication. 

Charles GilpinEugene O’Neill’s groundbreaking 1921 play, The Emperor Jones, was the first American play that featured an African-American actor in the lead role on Broadway. Charles S. Gilpin’s portrayal of Emperor Brutus Jones was hailed as “revelatory,” and he was named the finest actor of the age.

The opening of The Emperor Jones made stars of both men; it was O’Neill’s first commercial success, and Charles Gilpin became the toast of the theater world, becoming the first black man to be honored by the Drama League of New York,

But by 1926, O’Neill was a legend and Gilpin was lost to history. The script of “N” explores the challenging relationship between Gilpin and O’Neill and how it ultimately hinged on one word; a word that lifted one of them to the heights of American theater, and a word that destroyed the other. Using the N-word heightens the character and strengthens the impact of the play.

Made into a film to be screened in 2020 ” The Black Emperor of Broadway”


Charles S. Gilpin African-American male, 35-40 (40 at the start of the play).
Charles is an average size and build, but he has confidence, and a presence. He’s intelligent, somewhat sophisticated, and always looks sharp. Charles lives and dies by his emotions but also knows how to live in his very segregated times.

Eugene O’Neill Caucasian male, 35-40 (37 at the start of the play)
O’Neill, the brooding master playwright, early in his career. He is brilliant, cynical, and dryly sarcastic; he doesn’t smile or laugh easily so when he does it is noticeable. He is also a sharp dresser, as was typical for men in that time.

Florence Gilpin African-American female, 25-30 (30 at the start of the play)
Florence is Charles’s wife. She’s pretty and curvy. She is the woman behind the man who is proud of the man she loves but tries to keep him grounded.

• Representative kitchen area in the home of Charles and Florence Gilpin (small table, 2 chairs, down Stage Right)
• The theater, in various stages of The Emperor Jones production (main area, Center Stage)
• Office desk area at the theater (small, down Stage Left, alternates with Podium area for Drama League)

An edgy play script – an original small cast full-length play with diverse cast and roles for black actors.


 AE Triangle Arts and Entertainment 

“Art, Ego, and the Weight of a Word: N Is an Important Play at a Pivotal Time”

Adrienne Earle Pender’s new play N, playing Feb. 10-26 at Raleigh’s Theatre in the Park, is powerful treatise on art, ego, and how the weight of a single word can crush the human soul. N is the story of Charles Sidney Gilpin, one of the most acclaimed black actors of the 1920’s and his volatile relationship with the legendary playwright, Eugene O’Neill.

In the first scene, we see Gilpin announcing to his wife Florence, that he has been cast as the lead character, Brutus Jones, in Eugene O’Neill’s play, The Emperor Jones, which is about a former Pullman porter and murderer who escapes to an island in the West Indies and manipulates the inhabitants into making him their ruler.

N is a “play within a play,” and the downfall of the character Brutus Jones mimics the downfall of Charles Sidney Gilpin, whose relationship with O’Neill was destroyed in part by Gilpin’s refusal to utter the N-word, which was written 32 times in the one-act play.:

Read the full review 

The News & Observer

” Theatre in the Park’s ‘N’ beautifully wrought”

Plays about historical figures are tricky: sticking to the facts produces a living encyclopedia entry; veering from the facts brings accusations of misrepresentation. Theatre in the Park’s beautifully wrought premiere of Adrienne Earle Pender’s “N” is a thoughtfully considered piece about playwright Eugene O’Neill and African-American actor Charles S. Gilpin. But its straightforward biographical format cries out for more development of character and conflict.

Gilpin is a significant figure in African-American history. In 1920, O’Neill cast him as the star of “The Emperor Jones,” making Gilpin the first black actor to have a lead role on Broadway. Gilpin was highly lauded and the production was O’Neill’s first big hit.

Read the Full Review


“Adrienne Earle Pender’s N Is Tight and Electric, Another Must-See Production at TIP”

Who owns the character — the actor or the playwright? Adrienne Earle Pender’s world premiere of N, now playing at Raleigh, NC’s Theatre in the Park, asks that very question. The play looks at the relationship between playwright Eugene O’Neill and actor Charles Sidney Gilpin in 1920, as they mount O’Neill’s first box office hit, The Emperor Jones.

From rehearsal to Broadway run and, eventually, to the tour — the duo fights over the inclusion of a single word. More importantly, Pender’s N captures more clearly than any other theatrical production that I have ever seen how white privilege works. To Eugene O’Neill, a word is just a word. Using the N-word is a tool for impact and to strengthen his art. For Charles Gilpin, who becomes the first black man to be honored by the Drama League of New York as a result of that play, those six letters have the power to unravel everything that he has ever worked for.

Read full review

Soundcloud Interview with Adrienne Pender about ” N”


From the Play

FLORENCE, 30ish, curvy and pretty, is wearing her coat and hat, has just come home from her domestic work. She faces Stage Right, addressing someone off-stage.

Thank you, again, for staying late with the baby, Mrs. Cooper!

(Florence drops into one of the chairs in the kitchen, exhausted. She closes her eyes, takes a deep breath, and exhales. She takes another deep breath, and exhales. That’s all the ‘rest’ she allows herself.

She gets up, takes off her coat and hat, puts on an apron, and immediately gets to her own home’s work, folding clothes in a laundry basket.

CHARLES bursts into the room, excitedly. He’s just come from an audition.)

FLORENCE! You won’t believe what just happened!


I got a part in a play – a big part!

WHAT??!? How??

The Emperor Jones, by Eugene O’Neill!

Ain’t heard’a him before.

He’s a playwright in one of those new theaters downtown! He’s a white man.

A white man is gonna let you – in his play?

YES, baby!


Yeah — I KNOW!

It must be a little part …

(Charles hands her the script)

“The Emperor Jones. By Eugene O’Neill, produced by the Provincetown Players.”

Florence – it’s the lead. I’M playing the Emperor Jones!!

(Sits down, stunned)


(He grabs her, and starts to dance)

Who needs Bessie Smith? We can make our own music right now!

HUSH, Charles! You’ll wake the baby!

Wake him up! And you tell him his daddy has made it!

If you wake him up, YOU put him back to sleep.

(Charles stops humming, pauses – and then keeps dancing)

I thought so.

He’s gonna be proud of his daddy one day.

(Florence stops dancing and steps back)

He’ll be proud of you no matter what.

(Charles kisses her hands)

So how much does it pay?

(Pulling her leg)

How much – does this – starring role PAY?

(Enjoying this)

Oh I KNOW you’re not doing this for free!

Shush now, ‘you’ll wake the baby!’

(Florence laughs, and tries to hit him; he dodges her and she chases him)

Fifty dollars!

(She stops in her tracks)

Say that again?

It pays fifty dollars. (Pauses for effect) A WEEK.

(Florence sits down, stunned)

I don’t believe it.

I promised you I’d take care of you; and now I can.

I always knew you would. I just didn’t think it would be from…. Acting!

(Laughs, but then seriously)
Neither did I. I’m forty years old, and I can finally be proud of something!

Fifty dollars a week, that’s real money!

The show might not run but a few weeks; it’s only scheduled for a month. That’s only $200.00


You can’t quit your job yet – but we can catch up.

I worked all my life, and I WILL work all my life, ain’t no changing that. But, maybe we can save a little… for the baby?

And… Maybe, we can have another baby?

(Lowers her head, giggles)

I don’t want you working for white folks, cleaning their houses. I want you here, in our home.

Well we aren’t there yet.


So how did all this happen??

(Florence sits in the chair, and lights dim around her while Charles, in spotlight, tells the story. As he regales her with the details, sounds of elevator doors opening and closing are heard)

I’m doing my job at Macy’s, just working the elevator like I always do. White folks get on and off the elevator all the time, so I don’t pay attention anymore, and after lunch, this man gets on the elevator – and he says,

Are you Charles Gilpin?

YES…. (Announcing) Second floor, ladies underthings, corsets. He said,

I’m from the Provincetown Players, and we have a good part for you in a new play by Eugene O’Neill.

I said, ‘who’s that?’ (Announcing) Third floor, draperies, upholsteries, linens.

The greatest playwright in America –

He says… ‘How good is the part?’ I say. (Announcing) Fourth Floor, furniture.’

The lead –

He says…. I say, ‘what’s the pay?’ (Announcing) Fifth floor, Bedding, bathroom supplies.

We can only pay $50 a week… but wouldn’t you like to act again?

And I said, ‘YES! Yes I would! Who are you, and where do I go??’ Then he said,

I’m Jasper Deeter.

(Spotlight fades and lights come back up to normal over Florence)

…and he took me down to Macdougal Street, where the Provincetown Players theater is. They gave me a script and gave me a few minutes to look over the scene. It was great, I could see that right away…. O’Neill is quiet, he doesn’t say much. But his words on paper… I’ve never seen words like that before. Brutus was an ex-Pullman Porter, like me! He worked hard, had odd jobs all his life, like me. I knew him. Baby, I knew him right away! Jasper said, ‘do you want me to read with you?’ and I said no…. I’d read the start of the monologue, if that was fine with them. And I barely looked at the script. I started, and my shoulders went back, and my voice rose, and all the noise in the theater stopped. EVERYTHING stopped. And I was IN the jungle, scared for my life and before I knew it, the monologue was over… and O’Neill asked me why I stopped. He just – stared at me. And then he said, ‘the part is yours. Can you start rehearsals tomorrow?’

Oh Charles…..

The lead. (Pause) There’s a white man in the Provincetown Players, named Charles Ellis – HE wanted the part too, wanted to play it in blackface, like all the other theaters do these days. Jasper saw me in the Abraham Lincoln play, then he brought O’Neill and another man to see it. Thank God I felt Brutus today! I took that part right outta that white man’s hands!!


  • Winding Road Theater Ensemble, 23rd - 24th October 2022

    Winding Road Theater Ensemble,

    23rd – 24th October 2022

    Directed by Maria Caprile

  • World Premiere in February 2017 at Theatre in the Park in Raleigh, NC.

    February, 2017

    10-11, 16-18, 24-25, 12, 19, 26

  • Regional Premiere at Keegan Theatre in Washington, DC

    Picture of Charles GilpinReviews:

    DC Metro Theatre Arts
    DC Metro Theatre Arts
    ‘N’ at Keegan sheds light on a forgotten history of racism in theater

    BWW Review: N at Keegan Theatre

    N Offers a Nuanced Look at Charles Sydney Gilpin, Eugene O’Neill

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